Jamdani sarees, originating from Dhaka district in Bangladesh, is one of the most sought after traditional types of sarees weaved using the finest quality of muslin cotton. The term Jamdani has a Persian origin that refers to Jam meaning flowers and Dani meaning a vase. The production of jamdani sarees was initiated during the rule of the Mughals and has earned the status of royal wear for the centuries ahead. These sarees are typically woven in cotton, are produced in an eco-friendly manner and using foot tools.
Women, across the country and globe, have shown inclinations to buy these sarees to add to their collection of exotic and traditional sarees. Some of the common designs and motifs that are found in the jamdani sarees include a lotus, peacocks, peasant bird, a parrot and maina bird combination and flower vines. These patterns are woven in one of the finest qualities of muslin and cotton fabrics. The decorations and the designs are typically woven on the looms in black and white threads and other mixed colours. Despite the motifs being common and the designs repeated in different forms, the patterns has, over the years, never gone out of fashion. Women, who prefer to buy jamdani sarees, look forward to creating a collection of designs in different colours. With the modern designers venturing into improvising the basic patterns, the demand of jamdani sarees has been found to increase exponentially. They sarees now include varieties of embroidered designs in addition to the motifs.
The weaving technique of jamdani sarees is old-school and is labour intensive. The weaving patterns requires a weaver to have patience, put in proper time and effort to produce a fine quality finished product. The hand-woven traditional jamdanis started becoming extinct during the Industrial Revolution that introduced machine weaving techniques. However, following the failure of not being able to produce the same quality designs and the interest to revive the traditional art, jamdani sarees weaved by artisans in looms stormed back into the market. To weave a jamdani saree of the highest standard, highly skilled labourers who put in enormous hard work are required. The art of weaving might be losing its glory with not many in the present generations willing to take up the art and weave using looms, but it has not lost its charm owing the demand to buy jamdani sarees as a tradition.
For women who buy jamdani sarees to wear on occasions that require a casual but elegant look, they prefer a jamdani saree with butidar design, a floral spray all over the body. These floral patterns may be in a diagonal pattern, or as a cluster. These patterns are weaved using coloured, silver, gold or white and black threads that are passed through the weft to create a uniqueness in its design.
Although an expensive option, the preference to buy jamdani sarees never dies. These sarees require high maintenance to look ever elegant and royal. Since these are pricy, women can be seen to be wearing jamdani sarees only on special occasions such as wedding celebrations, religious ceremonies or as a formal office wear on occasions that require them to appear in an exclusive attire.
Jamdani sarees require proper maintenance to make it last long. Dry cleaning the saree is always recommended. The jamdani sarees should be stored in cool and dry places by placing it in a plastic bag that can be tightly zipped. It can also be kept folded in a clean white cloth and stored in a proper place inside a clean almirah or cupboard.