Crafts: We can define Crafts as simply as objects made by the hand or simple tools. The designs and idea of these crafts are evolved by some people, and it becomes tradition for the other peoples of that community. It can consider the crafts range from the simple clay toys to the very expensive luxury items. Handicrafts consists of objects created by skilled people for religious rituals, like wedding and celebrations and for personal use as well as luxurious ones created by specialized craftsmen for specific requirements. These are many types of handicrafts are present in all over the India, but they are mainly classified as:
- Folk Craft
- Religious craft
- Commercial craft
Folk craft: Folk craft are basically a special kind of embroidery work done by the village women. Folk of India are a good and people like this art very much. There are craftsmen who are specialized in creating textiles and some beautiful designs on cloths and embroidery those designs which are very much popular among people there are some particular caste or community. They have their own distinctive designs and styles of embroidery.
Religious craft: Religious craft are some craft those are very much important for the peoples of India from the religion point of view. As India people very much believe in religion then the religion crafts are very much liked by them. These crafts are developed around religious places across the India. These craft items are very much inspired by religious institutions and relevant ceremonies. Different religious places in India are having specialized craft items. For example, let’s consider Varanasi a famous religion place of India specializes in weaving clothes for religious ceremonies. Like that another religion place is Puri a famous religious place of Odisha, here pattachitra painting are some beautiful craft that is very much inspired from Lord Jagannath and Hindu dharma.
Commercial craft: Commercial craft are not a particular craft; the crafts are used as commercial purposes are called commercial crafts. As example, the Weavers, the Dyers, the Printers, the Goldsmiths and the Carpenters are some of the commercial craftsmen.
So these are some classification of Indian handicrafts.