Sambalpuri Sari is a form of sari that originates in the state of Odisha. These are actually hand woven traditional saris in which the wrap and weft threads are first tie dyed and then woven carefully. These saris are generally designed in Bargarh, Sonepur, Sambalpur, Balangir and Boudh Districts of Odisha. The Sambalpuri Saris are particularly known for their unique traditional motifs like sankha or shell, chakra or wheel and phul or flower that are commonly associated with the beach culture of this state. In some cases, animal motifs are used for beautifying the look of the borders and the pallu.
One of the most interesting aspects of the Sambalpuri Saris is that they are used by a production technique known as Bandhakala. In this age-old traditional method of designing saris, the threads are first tied and dyed, after which they are used in weaving. The whole process generally takes about two to three weeks for completion. The Sambalpuri Saris are made out of fabrics that are woven intricately on the handlooms which make them immensely popular throughout the whole country. Women in this country love to experiment with the different types of Sambalpuri Saris whether they are looking to go to the office or wear them for some special occasion such as a religious festival or a social gathering.
The different types of Sambalpuri Saris and their wearing techniques are discussed below:
Barpali: The Barpali Sambalpuri Saris are made in a region called Barpali which is a small town located on the western parts of Odisha around 70 kilometers away from Sambalpur. These saris are particularly known for their ikkat fabric as well as their unique weaving pattern. The saris can come in a range of shades and they can be combined with a dark shaded blouse to create a desirable effect. Sometimes they can also be worn with a matching blouse that further compliments the look of the garment.
Bomkai and Sonepuri: Both Bomkai and Sonepuri saris originate in the Bomkai village of the Ganjam district. The Bomkai saris known for their simple and elegant designs and they often come in a range of mesmerizing colors which look great for diverse occasions. The Sonepuri saris are simpler in their appearance which makes them highly versatile. One can drape these saris in a number of ways, based on the height of the wearer as well as the chosen color. A good way to wear Bomkai and Sonepuri saris would be to put the pallu around the hand so that it hangs effortlessly. However, some women may also want to keep it fastened across the waist region.
Bapta: The Bapta saris are prepared by mixing both silk and cotton fabrics. Due to this reason, they often come at a higher price. These saris often use gold threads in different parts that eventually enhance the overall look and elegance of the garments. The Bapta saris are mostly worn during festive seasons.
Pasa: The Pasa or the Pasapali sari is a variant of the Sambalpuri sari that usually resembles a chess board in its design. It is also notable for the use of contrasting shades that make these saris stand out from others. Usually a combination of black and white shades or red and white shades are used for designing the squares of the Pasa saris. The borders of these saris are further adorned with traditional motifs that may or may not incorporate the use of golden threads. These saris are best worn with light colored blouses which bring out the true beauty of the wearer.